Springfield

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Springfield is the state capital of the Illinois with a population of 116,250, making it the sixth largest city in Illinois. Springfield was first settled in the late 1810s, around the time Illinois became a state. The most famous past resident is Abraham Lincoln, who lived in Springfield from 1837 until he went to the White House in 1861. Major tourist attractions include a multitude of historic sites connected with Lincoln.

Springfield has long had an affiliation with food. The corn dog on a stick is claimed to have been invented in the city under the name “Cozy Dog,”. The horseshoe sandwich, not well-known outside of central Illinois, also originated in Springfield. Springfield was also once home to the Reisch Beer brewery.

The alleged first U.S. drive-thru window is still in operation in Springfield at the Maid-Rite Sandwich Shop. The city is also known for its chili, or “chilli”, as it is known in many chili shops throughout Sangamon County.

The city of Springfield is dotted with sites centered around U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, who started his political career in Springfield. These include: the Lincoln Home National Historic Site, a National Historical Park that includes the preserved surrounding neighborhood, the Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices State Historic Site, the Lincoln Tomb State Historic Site, the Old State Capitol State Historic Site, the Lincoln Depot from which Abraham Lincoln departed Springfield to be inaugurated in Washington D.C., the Elijah Iles House, Edwards Place and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Near the village of Petersburg, is New Salem State Park, a restored hamlet of log cabins, recreating the town where Lincoln lived as a young man. With the opening of the Presidential Library and Museum in 2004, the city has seen a number of prominent visitors, including President George W. Bush, actor Liam Neeson, and the Emir of Qatar.

Springfield's Dana-Thomas House is among the best preserved and most complete of Frank Lloyd Wright's early "Prairie" houses. It was built in 1902–1904 and has many of the furnishings Wright designed for it. Springfield's Washington Park is home to Thomas Rees Memorial Carillon and the site of an annual carillon festival, held since 1962. In August, the city is the site of the Illinois State Fair.
Although not born in Springfield, Abraham Lincoln is the city's most famous resident. He lived there for 24 years. The only home he ever owned is open to the public, seven days a week, free of charge, and operated by the National Park Service.

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http://www.springfield.il.us/

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